We need to give students the opportunity to develop their own rich and deep understanding of our number system. With that understanding, they will be able to develop and use a wide array of strategies in ways that make sense for the problem at hand. (Flynn, 8 pag.)

Let’s say that the essential-to-learn is *I can subtract within 100*. In our community we hold essential *I can show what I know more than one way*.* *

Using our anchor text, we find the following strategies:

- I can subtract tens and one on a hundred chart.
- I can count back to subtract on an open number line.
- I can add up to subtract on an open number line.
- I can break apart numbers to subtract.
- I can subtract using compensation.

What if we engage, as a team, to deepen our understanding of subtraction?

Deep learning focuses on recognizing relationships among ideas. During deep learning, students engage more actively and deliberately with information in order to discover and understand the underlying mathematical structure. (Hattie, 136 pag.)

In his Effective Practices for Advancing the Teaching and Learning of Mathematics class last week, Mike Flynn highlighted three advantages of using representations to deepen understanding.

- Representations build conceptual understanding and help assess comprehension.
- Representations serve as a tool to make sense of the task and the mathematics.
- Representations help develop proof of generalizations.

What if we, as a team, prepare to facilitate experiences so that learners can say *I can subtract within 100 *by deepening our understanding with words, pictures, numbers, and symbols?

Context: *Annie had some money in her “mad money” jar. Today, she added $39 to the jar and discovered that she now has $65. How much money was in the “mad money” jar before today?*

Can we connect the context to each of the above strategies? Can we connect one strategy to another strategy?

If we challenge ourselves to “do the math” using words, pictures, numbers, and symbols, we deepen our understanding and increase our ability to ask more questions to advance thinking.

How might we use Van de Walle’s ideas for developing conceptual understanding through multiple representations to assess comprehension and understanding?

Flynn, Michael. *Beyond Answers: Exploring Mathematical Practices with Young Children*. Portland, Maine.: Stenhouse, 2017. Print.

Hattie, John A. (Allan); Fisher, Douglas B.; Frey, Nancy; Gojak, Linda M.; Moore, Sara Delano; Mellman, William L. (2016-09-16). Visible Learning for Mathematics, Grades K-12: What Works Best to Optimize Student Learning (Corwin Mathematics Series). SAGE Publications. Kindle Edition.

Van de Walle, John. *Teaching Student-centered Mathematics: Developmentally Appropriate Instruction for Grades Pre-K-2*. Boston: Pearson, 2014. Print.